For space tourists, the International Space Station (ISS) is extremely important. It’s also known as the scientists’ second home in space. But his life is about to come to an end. NASA, the United States’ space agency, is ready to crash it into the Earth. It will be sunk in the Pacific Ocean in January 2031 after retiring at the end of 2030.
What is the International Space Station, and what does it do?
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space lab the size of a football field that orbits the Earth at a height of 420 kilometres. It is 450 tonnes in weight. It was first released in November of 1998. The United States, Russia, Japan, Canada, the United Kingdom, Switzerland, Sweden, Spain, Norway, the Netherlands, Italy, Germany, France, Denmark, and Belgium are among the countries involved in the programmes. In 2007, Brazil withdrew from the programme.
The International Space Station (ISS) includes all of the necessary amenities for astronauts. For 6 months, 6 to 8 individuals can remain here. It is landed on by large spacecraft travelling from Earth. More than 200 astronauts from 19 countries have visited the International Space Station so far.
What is the reason for ISS’s retirement?
Scientists discovered minor cracks in the ISS in September of last year. Following then, it was stated that this lab is now simply a visitor for a few years. There are several drawbacks to this that are tough to overcome.
In any case, the ISS was designed to last 15 years. However, NASA’s study revealed that the facility can continue to operate for a little longer. According to NASA, all of the ISS’s materials will be transported to other labs on Earth or in orbit before the space station is destroyed. The project will cost $1.3 billion to complete.
Where will the International Space Station be destroyed?
According to NASA, the International Space Station will collapse in the South Pacific Ocean. Point Nemo is the name of the location. It’s nearly 2,700 kilometres above the ground. This location has been chosen for the global disposal of old space stations, satellites, and other specific space debris.
The movement of any ship around Point Nemo is prohibited. Humans will not be able to dwell here. Since 1971, around 300 different forms of space trash have been dumped here. This mainly consists of garbage from the United States and Russia. Humans are contributing to the problem of pollution in this area by doing so.
The commercial sector will benefit from NASA’s experience.
Whatever NASA has learned from the ISS over the years, according to Phil McAllister, director of commercial space at NASA Headquarters, will be shared with private sector space enterprises. The private sector will be aided in the development of a space station that is secure, dependable, and economical.