Yemen Crisis: Know All About Civil War in Yemen
Yemen Crisis: For the past few days, words like Saudi Arabia, Houthi rebels, United Arab Emirates, attack, drone attack, assassination, and so on have been appearing in headlines and news headlines. What is the rationale behind this? In fact, the Gulf situation has deteriorated. After Houthi rebels in Yemen recently targeted the United Arab Emirates, the Arab coalition, led by Saudi Arabia, has stepped up its crackdown.
In Houthi attacks, Indian citizens and civilians living in Gulf countries are killed. Similarly, in Arab coalition attacks on Houthi fighters, a large number of Yemenis are also affected. From death to homelessness, people are affected. Yemen is the country that is suffering the most as a result of all of this. Today, we’ll try to figure out why Yemen has been ‘burning’ for so long.
In the 1980s, the Houthi movement rose to prominence.
Yemen is one of the poorest countries in the Arab world, according to a BBC report. This country has been completely destroyed by civil war. The Houthi movement, which arose in the 1980s, was the catalyst for this conflict. The Huti are a large Shia clan from Yemen’s northwestern Saada province, who belong to the Zaidi Shia sect. Around 35 percent of Yemen’s population is Zaidi. The Jedis ruled Yemen for a thousand years until they were deposed in 1962, resulting in a civil war that lasted until 1970.
In the 1980s, the Houthi clan revived the Zaidi tradition in protest of the government’s growing influence over Sunni Muslims. The Houthis, named after Yemen’s political, military, and religious leader Hussein Badreddin al-Houthi, launched a rebel movement against the government in 2004. Yemeni security forces assassinated Al-Houthi in September 2004.
Sana’a was captured by Shia-Sunni forces working together.
The Houthis’ conflict with Yemen’s Sunni-majority government lasted several years. Due to Arab Spring protests in 2012, Ali Abdullah Saleh, Yemen’s president since 1990, was forced to resign, and his deputy, Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi, took over. This political shift was supposed to bring stability to the country, but it didn’t. After becoming president, Hadi was confronted with a slew of issues with which he was constantly grappling.
Yemen is plagued by jihadist attacks, separatist movements, security personnel loyal to the former president, corruption, unemployment, and food shortages, to name a few. In 2015, Saleh allied with the Houthis against Hadi, igniting an insurgency that was backed by many Yemenis, including Sunnis. Sanaa, Yemen’s capital, was taken by this movement. In response to the country’s deteriorating situation, the president fled to Aden and later relocated to Saudi Arabia, where he spent the majority of his time.
In 2015, Arab countries formed an alliance.
Saleh broke his alliance with the Houthis in 2017 and joined forces with his “enemies,” the Saudis, the UAE, and President Hadi. That same December, Saleh was assassinated. Nine countries formed a coalition led by Saudi Arabia after Hadi was deposed from power in March 2015. The US provided intelligence and logistical support. The Houthis were targeted by this coalition, which launched a bombing campaign.
Hadi’s forces were attempting to retake Sanaa from Houthi control, and the airstrikes were in support of them. Saudi officials predicted that the war would be over in a matter of weeks when it began. The Yemeni fire, however, has not been extinguished even after seven years. According to the United Nations, the war’s outcomes are shocking. In December 2020, the United Nations reported that the conflict had killed an estimated 233,000 people.